The body and mind interdependent components of sport. Exercise psychology is an equally important component to the psychological processes which athletes utilize to achieve optimal performance. For example, a physically gifted athlete who does not possess the cognitive skills to compete is unequipped to reach their potential. Conversely, athletes who are mentally prepared for intense competition, but lack the physical skills are not going to succeed. Additionally, nonathletes often suffer from body image issues. Therefore, it is important for each person to become involved in an exercise program of choice to fully prepare themselves for any competitive situation.
Exercise psychology concentrates on psychological elements which impact physiological performance. Some of the psychological issues related to exercise and physiology that have been researched are self-efficacy, depression, unfavorable body image, anxiety, incentives, environmental support, and psychological management issues.  Sport and exercise psychology are coordinated components which simultaneously work together and provide a foundation for individuals to reach optimal performance levels. Cognitive and physiological exercise optimistically and enthusiastically improve the body’s response to stress and anxiety.